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The most up to date collection of scientifically based health facts.
Includes simple to understand definitions and complete references


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A

Adipose Tissue: (also see Body Fat)
Aging
: (see Sugar or Carbohydrates)
Allergies: (also see Enzymes)
Alpha-amylase: (see Enzymes)
Amino Acids: (also see Protein)
Anachidonic Acid: (see Essential Fatty Acids)
Antioxidants
Aspartame: (see Food Additives)


Adipose Tissue:
(also see Body Fat)

Adipose (fat) cells need glucose (sugar) for the synthesis of triglycerols (excess body-fat). Adipose tissue [fat] is stored ONLY when eating carbohydrates. Reference: Basic Medical Biochemistry: A Clinical Approach, pg. 510. Dawn B. Marks, Allan D. Marks, Colleen M. Smith, Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, August, 1996, ISBN: 068305595X

Aging: (also see Sugar or Carbohydrates)

Low Insulin Not Calorie Restriction Lengthens Your Life (A Study)
A lean body devoid of (excess) fat may be more significant in determining life span than a calorie-restricted diet, according to a new study of genetically altered mice. The mice in the study were able to eat whatever they wanted and still stay slim because their fat tissue had been altered so it could not respond to the hormone insulin. Insulin helps to move sugar from the blood into the body’s cells and also helps fat cells to store fat. Researchers altered the insulin receptor gene in the fat cells of lab mice, and since insulin is needed to help cells store fat the mice had less fat and were protected against obesity. The altered mice ate 55 percent more food per gram of body weight than normal mice, yet had 70 percent less body fat by the time they reached 3 months of age. Moreover, the altered mice lived 18 percent longer than normal mice, and after three years all of the normal mice had died, but one-quarter of the altered mice were still alive. Reference: Science, Bluher M, Kahn BB, Kahn CR., January 24, 2003;299:572-574
 
Allergies:
 
Allergies are the result of a hyper-alert immune system. As babies our immune system is developing. The more we are exposed to during this developmental stage, the more our body learns how to protect us later. If we don’t get exposed to certain allergens, our bodies don’t recognize them later and our immune system reacts incorrectly, which causes an allergic reaction.
 
The Allergy Process:
1. The body starts to produce a specific type of antibody called IgE to fight the allergen.
2. The antibodies attach to a form of blood cell called a mast cell. Mast cells are plentiful in the airways, and in the GI tract where allergens tend to enter the body.
3. The mast cells explode releasing a variety of chemicals including histamine, which causes most of the symptoms of an allergy including itchiness or a runny nose.
Reference: Body Story, Allergies, Body Invaders, Discovery Channel. http://health.discovery.com/stories/bodyinvaders/allergies.html

Essential Fatty Acids and the cleansing process of some herbs like Sheep Sorrel, Burdock Root, Slippery Elm Bark, Cat's Claw and Turkish Rhubarb Root  have been known to significantly reduce the symptoms of allergies.

Alpha-amylase: (see Enzymes)

Alpha-amylase initiates starch digestion by breaking down starch (complex carbohydrates) into sugars. This release of sugar alters the taste of food. Reference: Brock, T.D. and Madigan, M.T. (1988) Biology of Microorganisms (Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey) pp 383, 396-399.
Reference: Human Physiology: Foundations and Frontiers, Schauf, C., Moffett, D. and Moffett, S., ed. Allen, D., Times Mirror/Mosby College Publishing, St. Louis, 1990, Chapters 21 and 22.

 
Amino Acids:
 
There are 20 amino acids. The human body can produce only 11 of them. Nine are essential, which means we must get them in our food. Amino acids are the building blocks of protein, and along with EFAs, are the basis of life. Amino acids are best obtained from first class Protein:
 
The essential amino acids:
 
Hittidine                      Isoleucine                   Leucine
Lysine                         Methionine                 Phenylalinine
Theronine                   Tryptophan                 Valine
 
Anachidonic Acid: (see Essential Fatty Acids) The third fatty acid once thought to be (but not) essential.
 
Antioxidants:
 
Antioxidants are reputed to reduce the number of free-radicals, but there is little research showing how effectively antioxidant supplements actually work in the body. Many times the intended “solution” creates unexpected problems. We constantly burn fuel in our bodies by oxidation. “All cells regardless of their specified function oxidize fuels.” (Reference: The Essentials of Biochemistry (Essentials), Jay M. Templin, Research & Education Assn, 1998, ISBN: 0878910735) Oxidation produces free-radical by-products these are formed by a completely natural process. Free-radicals are critical to life itself. They are among the most important components in our immune system – they keep us from getting sick. They are also required for important hormone production.
 
Antioxidant supplements are also ineffective because the process of digestion nullifies them before they can get into the cells they are meant to protect. Reference: Ageless Body, Timeless Mind, Deepak Chopra, MD, pg. 122., November, 1993, ISBN: 0712656731
 
Aspartame: (see Food Additives)

Aspartame is essentially Methanol, or wood alcohol, and is very harmful to the body. (See further information under the Sweeteners section.)

 

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